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2017考研专业就业前景:护理学
2015-12-29 00:00:00

1、学科简介

护理学专业着重点为培养我国21世纪护理发展所需要的现代护理高级人才,期望其由理论知识与临床实践的培养,在护理教育、护理管理、临床护理、院内感染控制、营养支持领域中成为具有丰富临床护理经验、独立判断和研究能力的高级护理人才。

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2、专业培养目标

硕士生应秉承“德、智、体、美”全面发展的方向,具体呈现:

(1) 在政治思想方面坚持邓小平理论和三个代表的重要思想。热爱祖国,热爱护理专业,成为有良好的思想品德和职业道德、能为护理专业发展和人民健康作出贡献的社会主义现代化护理人才,具有严谨求实、积极进取、开拓创新、努力奉献的精神及品格。

(2) 在专业业务方面熟练掌握护理学理论知识和技术,掌握卫生服务、人文学科等相关学科的理论知识。通过临床护理实习和护理教学工作,实践护理教育理念、更新护理管理思维、运用临床护理理论知识,具备获取护理专业发展的前沿信息和知识的能力。能够熟练阅读和翻译外文专业文献,并具有一定的外语口语交流能力。能够独立设计和进行科学研究工作,并完成具有创新见解的毕业论文,同时具备学术交流的能力。毕业后能胜任护理学的临床实践、教学和科研工作,并具有发展成为临床专科护理师的潜能,能具体引导及发展护理学科。

(3) 在心理社会方面能对社会医疗保健体系有清楚的认识,理解国家卫生政策及社会弱势群体健康问题与需求,能以乐观积极、主动进取的态度做好自己本身的身心健康发展,继而发挥高级护理人才的专业能力及社会责任。

3、专业方向

(01)癌症病人的心理护理研究

(02)危重症、心血管、护理教育研究

4、考试科目

①101思想政治理论

②201英语一

③308护理综合

(注:各个学校的专业方向、考试科目有所不同,以上以首都医科大学为例)

护理学研究方向

(01)癌症病人的心理护理研究

(02)危重症、心血管、护理教育研究

就业前景

(1)高学历护士择业就业前景看好

护理职业一直是国际上地位较高、薪水丰厚的职业之一,同时,护理人才又是国际紧缺的人才之一。如护士在美国平均年薪达5万美元,而美国缺护士30万人。在澳洲,护士最容易找工作或获得升迁,同时,只要拥有了澳洲注册护士的资格,等于拿到了通向英联邦国家工作的“绿卡”。英、法、德等西方发达国家对护士均有许多优惠的政策,因此,有深厚的专业知识、较高的综合素质和流畅的国际交流语言的护士在国际上就业、发展前景十分广阔。

目前,国内很多大中城市的医院都设有涉外门诊,而一些合资医院以及“洋”医院更是如雨后春笋一般扎根北京、上海等地。所以,如果护理学人才在具备护理学、护理人际沟通、护理礼仪等专业知识外,还能具备一定的外语能力,那么就业选择将更为宽广,可以从事在华的涉外医护服务、国际技术合作交流和资料传递等。

(2)男护士是抢手目标人才

据了解护理学人才虽然是今年12个紧缺人才之一但是护理专业的招生却显得极为冷清。现在各大医院对高学历护理人才的需求量相当大。高学历护士除了知识面宽广容易同各种病人沟通外其护理科研能力也比较强在临床上更善于发现问题分析问题和解决问题。

此外男护士更是各大医院极为抢手的目标人才。因为男护士们出现在手术室或者急诊室等劳动强度比较大的科室病房时比柔弱的女同志更有优势面对血淋淋的场面面对生命垂危的病人男护士配合医生临危不乱动作比女护士要快要稳。因此物以稀为贵的“男护士们”还未毕业就被各大医院“预订一空”。

就业方向

毕业生可到各级医院、保健站、康复中心及其他卫生部门、医学院校从事临床护理、护理管理、护理教育和护理研究工作。

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