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2017考研专业就业前景:西方经济学
2015-12-29 00:00:00

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专业介绍

1、研究方向

目前,各大院校与西方经济学专业相关的研究方向都略有不同的侧重点。以中央财经大学为例,该专业所包含的研究方向有:

01.微观经济理论与政策

02.宏观经济理论与政策

03.制度经济学研究

2、培养目标

本专业培养既有马克思主义经济理论基础,同时研究西方经济学基础理论和政策主张,善于运用现代经济学研究成果分析研究现实经济问题,密切联系中国实际,与国际经济前沿接轨,熟悉市场经营管理的基本规则,具有较强的分析能力和决策能力,面向二十一世纪的德、智、体、全面发展的经济学专门人才。

3、专业特色

专业是为适应市场经济对理论基础探索的需要而设立,具有较强的基础理论研究特色。通过研究现代西方经济学的基本理论观点和内在逻辑,对80年代以来的比较成熟前沿的理论动态进行积极的鉴别和吸收,结合我国体制转型的现实进行理论探索和实际应用,有很强的实战性。

4、研究生入学考试科目:

初试科目:

①101思想政治理论

②201统考英语

③303数学三

④801经济学

(注:以上仍以中央财经大学为例,各院校在考试科目中有所不同)

就业前景

随着改革开放和社会主义市场经济体制的建立,随着加入WTO后与世界经济体系相互依存的进一步加深,我国急需既熟悉中国国情,又深谙西方经济学理论的专门人才,这里可以从西方经济学的研究意义来看该专业的就业前景。

(一)积极借鉴,为我所用

我国经济体制改革、对外开放和经济发展已经进入一个新的历史阶段,社会主义市场经济体制已经初步形成,我们的人均收入和生活水平与发达国家的差距正在不断缩小。但是,市场经济在我国还处在婴儿期,我们对它的认识还比较浅显,我国要坚定不移地执行对外开放的基本国策,加快改革开放的步伐,就必须了解、学习和研究西方经济学,只有这样,才能了解西方国家的经济政策及理论依据,知道他们的经济运行机理,懂得他们的经济组织和管理方法,研究他们的发展现状和趋势,积极参与各种国际性和区域性的经济组织和机构。真正做到知已知彼,促进改革开放和社会主义市场经济的顺利进行。

(二)融会贯通,相得益彰

西方经济学不单单是一个独立的学科,还是很多经济贸易领域专业的基础,譬如国际经济与贸易,应该是一个越做越值钱的行业,因为经验在积累。现在出口增长比较活跃的省份,如浙江省,广东省,上海市,对该专业人员的需求量很大,尤其是国家放宽企业的进出口权后,许多中小企业有外贸自营权。他们很需要该专业人才,踏踏实实地做外贸业务。而且该专业发展前景广阔,是最有可能自己开公司当老板的专业。西方经济学专业的毕业生可以横向发展诸多相关领域,这样一来就业渠道自然就多,大显身手的机会也就越多。

就业方向

本专业毕业硕士生可以在高等院校、科研机构和政府部门从事教学、经济理论与经济政策研究,在金融、财政、贸易等实际经济部门和公司、企事业单位从事实际经济工作和经营管理工作。

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