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就业压力催生“考研热”河北成第三研究生源大省
2015-12-29 12:50:29
在经历连续两年报名人数的下跌后,2016年度研究生报名人数出现明显反弹,全国硕士研究生招生考试报考人数达177万人,比2015年增长7%。从河北省来看,2016年河北省硕士研究生招生考试报名人数为90147人,比2015年增加7047人,增幅达8.5%。报考人员中,普通高校应届本科毕业生仍是报考主力,占报名总数的68.3%。高学历考生所占比例再创新高,具有大学本科学历以上的考生占报名总人数的96.9%。另外,今年报考专业学位硕士研究生的人数占参加考试报名总数的49.1%,同比增长6.9%。

分析:就业压力增大,考研人数增多

今年报考人数为何出现明显反弹?据此前一项覆盖37655人的调查显示,43%的考生考研是为了增加就业竞争力、提升毕业后薪水而考研;13%的考生因暂时不想就业而选择考研。其中,往届生考研的原因主要是对毕业后的薪酬满意度低,或为提升自身水平、改变工作环境。

考生小赵表示,当初报考研究生考试就是为了躲开就业压力,“没想到今年公务员考试人数少了,考研的人数倒多了。早知道这样,还不如报考公务员呢。”不过,也有部分考生表示,希望通过读研来提升自己的专业水平,特别是一些报考专业硕士研究生的考生,都明确表示想要继续在专业方向上有所深造,无论考生人数是否增加都会报名。专家分析称,全国硕士研究生报名人数激增,与当下大学生就业形势有密切联系,就业压力增大,考研人数增多,近几年本科毕业生人数连创新高,就业压力催生“考研热”。

河北成第三研究生源大省

在中国教育在线发布的2016年全国研究生数据调查报告认为,经济增长乏力,就业形势严峻,是这一次报名人数反弹一个重要原因。在一项涵盖了37655人的调查当中,有43%的报考者是因为增加就业竞争力、提高毕业后的薪水而选择考研的。而因为暂时不想就业,进入社会其实在考研的人数当中也占到了13%。就生源结构而言,往届生占比持续增加。比如北京的往届生占到了42%;辽宁的占35%;湖北占34%;北京、江苏、上海成为报考地区当中位列前三位的省市。天津、湖北等地是分列其后,河南成为了硕士研究生生源的第一大省,山东、河北位列第二和第三位。在硕士研究生报考的人群当中,女性占60%,男性占40%。在考研人数增长的同时,全国的招生规模也维持在4%左右的稳固增幅。官方预计到2020年,中国的研究生在校规模将会达到200万。

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